A.P. James, Ph D, FIET, FBCS

Dr. A.P. James

Associate Dean (Academic), Professor

Dr A.P James is an Electronics Engineer with a Ph.D. degree (Electronics and Computer Engineering) from the Queensland Micro and Nanotechnology Centre, Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD, Australia. He completed his doctoral studies in 2 years, and after that worked mostly in the area of brain-inspired circuits, algorithms, and systems applied to face, speech, and language processing required for building artificial general intelligence systems. He is a Professor with a research specialization in the area of AI hardware, Neuromorphic VLSI, Intelligent Imaging and Machine Learning, and Analog Electronics; and professor in charge of Maker Village, Kochi. He is actively engaged in research commercialization and startups. He has authored several peer-reviewed publications and is a reviewer to international journals and conferences such as IEEE ISCAS, IEEE ICECS, Nature Electronics, Scientific Reports, Frontiers in Neuroscience, TCAS, TVLSI, TCAD, TCyb, TEC, and TIP etc. Dr. James has been the founding chair for IEEE Kerala Section Circuits and Systems Society and Executive Member of IET Vision and Imaging Network. He is a member of IEEE CASS Technical Committee on Nonlinear Circuits and Systems. He was an editorial member of Information Fusion, Elsevier, Associate Editor for HCIS, Springer, and currently Associate Editor for IEEE ACCESS, and IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems 1 (2018-present). He is a Senior Member of IEEE, Life Member of ACM, Senior Fellow of HEA, Fellow of British Computer Society (FBCS), and Fellow of IET (FIET). 

Research Areas

  • Analog Circuits, Mixed-signal Circuits, Signal Integrity
  • Neuromorphic VLSI, Neuro-memristive Systems
  • Cognitive Hardware Architectures, Brain inspired circuits
  • Quantum Image and Neural Systems
  • Image processing and recognition
  • Neural based NLP, Face and Speech recognition

Recent papers

  • Aswani AR, Rohan Kumar, Jai Tripathi, Alex James, “Performance of Crossbar Based Long Short Term Memory with Aging Memristors”, IEEE International Conference on Artificial Intelligence Circuits and Systems (AICAS), 2021
  • Rohan Kumar, Aksh Chordia, Alex James, Jai Tripathi, “Uncertainty Quantification of Memristor Crossbar Array for Vector Matrix Multiplication”, 25th IEEE Workshop on Signal and Power Integrity, 2021
  • Adhin V, Arunjo Maliekkal, Sanjay K, Chitra R, A.P. James, Acoustic Side-Channel Attack for Device Identification Using Deep Learning Models,  IEEE International Midwest Symposium on Circuits & Systems, 2021
  • A. James, “The Why, What and How of Artificial General Intelligence Chip Development,” in IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, doi: 10.1109/TCDS.2021.3069871.
  • A. James, L. Chua, “Analog Neural Computing with Super-resolution Memristor Crossbars,” in IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems 1: regular papers, 2021 (Special Issue for 50th Birthday of Memristor) doi: 10.1109/TCSI.2021.3079980


Journals (Selected)

  • (2021), “Analog Neural Computing with Super-resolution Memristor Crossbars,” in IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems 1: Regular Papers, 2021, accepted (Impact Factor=3.138, SJR Q1).
  • (2021). The Why, What, and How of Artificial General Intelligence Chip DevelopmentIEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems, 2021, accepted, (Impact Factor=2.66). – Single author paper
  • (2021). Analog self-timed programming circuits for aging memristors. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, 2021, accepted, (Impact Factor=3.43, SJR Q1).
  • (2020/21). Recursive threshold logic – a bioinspired reconfigurable dynamic logic system with crossbar arrays. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, accepted, (Impact Factor=4.71, SJR Q1).
  • (2020). Memristive gan in analog. Nature-Scientific Reports, 10(1), 1–14, (Impact Factor=3.998, SJR Q1).
  • (2020). Analog neuro-memristive convolutional dropout nets. Proceedings of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences,  (Impact Factor=2.7, SJR Q1).
  • (2020). Neuromemristive circuits for edge computing: A review. IEEE transactions on neural networks and learning systems, 31(1), 4–23, (Impact Factor=12.18, SJR Q1 ).
  • (2020). Automating analogue AI chip design with genetic search. Advanced Intelligent Systems, 2000075, (SELECTED AS COVER PAGE).
  • (2020). In-yolo: Real-time detection of outdoor high voltage insulators using uav imaging. IEEE Transactions on Power Delivery, 35(3), 1599–1601, (Impact Factor=4.42, SJR Q1).
  • (2020). Who is the winner? memristive-cmos hybrid modules: Cnn-lstm versus htm. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, 14(2), 164–172, (Impact Factor=4.710, SJR Q1).
  • (2020). A theoretical analysis of the peaking phenomenon in classification. Journal of Classification, 1–14, (Impact Factor=1.86, SJR Q1 ).
  • (2019). Temporal g-neighbor filtering for analog domain noise reduction in astronomical videos. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs, 66(5), 868–872, (Impact Factor=3.43 )
  • (2019). A hybrid memristor–cmos chip for ai. Nature Electronics, 2(7), 268–269, (Impact Factor=27.5, SJR Q1 ) – Single author paper
  • (2019). An overview of memristive cryptography. The European Physical Journal Special Topics, 228(10), 2301–2312, (Impact Factor=1.78, SJR Q2 ) (Invited) – Single author paper
  • (2019). High voltage outdoor insulator surface condition evaluation using aerial insulator images. High Voltage, 4(3), 178–185, (Impact Factor=3.027, SJR Q1).
  • (2018). Bit-plane extracted moving-object detection using memristive crossbar-cam arrays for edge computing image devices. IEEE Access, 6, 18954–18966, (Impact Factor=4.64, SJR Q1). 
  • (2018). Discrete-level memristive circuits for htm-based spatiotemporal data classification system. IET Cyber-Physical Systems: Theory & Applications, 3(1), 34–43.
  • (2018). Guest editorial: Special issue on large-scale memristive systems and neurochips for computational intelligence. IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence, 2(5), 320–323.
  • (2018). Hierarchical temporal memory using memristor networks: A survey. IEEE Transactions on Emerging Topics in Computational Intelligence, 2(5), 380–395.
  • (2018). Learning in memristive neural network architectures using analog backpropagation circuits. IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers, 66(2), 719–732, (Impact Factor=4.31, SJR Q1 ).
  • (2018). Wireless charging techniques for uavs: A review, reconceptualization, and extension. IEEE Access, 6, 29865–29884, (Impact Factor=4.64, SJR Q1).
  • (2018). Diffusion sensitivity enhancement filter for raw dwis. IET Computer Vision, 12(7), 950–956
  • (2018). Engineering the global university rankings: Gold standards, limitations and implications. IEEE Access, 6, 6765–6776, (Impact Factor=4.64, SJR Q1).
  • (2017). Htm spatial pooler with memristor crossbar circuits for sparse biometric recognition. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, 11(3), 640–651, (Impact Factor=4.71, SJR Q1 ).
  • (2017). Hierarchical temporal memory features with memristor logic circuits for pattern recognition. IEEE Transactions on Computer-Aided Design of Integrated Circuits and Systems, 37(6), 1143–1156, (Impact Factor=2.88, SJR Q2 ).
  • (2017). Edge-aware spatial denoising filtering based on a psychological model of stimulus similarity. IEEE Access, 6, 3433–3447, (Impact Factor=4.64, SJR Q1 ).
  • (2016). An efficient method to estimate the optimum regularization parameter in rlda. Bioinformatics, 32(22), 3461–3468, (Impact Factor=4.43, SJR Q1 ).
  • (2016). A survey of memristive threshold logic circuits. IEEE transactions on neural networks and learning systems, 28(8), 1734–1746, (Impact Factor=12.180, SJR Q1).
  • (2015). Detection and analysis of emotion from speech signals. Procedia Computer Science, 58, 91–96, (Impact Factor=1.26).
  • (2015). Heart rate monitoring using human speech spectral features. Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences, 5(1), 33, (Impact Factor=4.18, SJR Q1 ).
  • (2015). Threshold logic computing: Memristive-cmos circuits for fast fourier transform and vedic multiplication. IEEE transactions on very large scale integration (VLSI) systems, 23(11), 2690–2694, (Impact Factor=2.360, SJR Q2).
  • (2015). Memristor pattern recogniser: Isolated speech word recognition. Electronics Letters, 51(17), 1370–1372, (Impact Factor=1.316, SJR Q2).
  • (2015). Spatial stimuli gradient sketch model. IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 22(9), 1336–1339, (Impact Factor=4.180, SJR Q1).
  • (2015). Sparse distributed localized gradient fused features of objects. Pattern Recognition, 48(4), 1538–1546, (Impact Factor=7.196, SJR Q1).
  • (2014). Memristive operational amplifiers. Procedia Computer Science, 41, 114–119, (Impact Factor=1.26).
  • (2014). Resistive threshold logic. IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, 22(1), 190–195, (Impact Factor=2.037, SJR Q2).
  • (2014). Medical image fusion: A survey of the state of the art. Information fusion, 19, 4–19, (Impact Factor=13.669, SJR Q1).
  • (2014). Guest editorial: Special issue on medical image computing and systems. Information Fusion, 19, 2–3, (Impact Factor=13.669, SJR Q1).
  • (2014). Memristive threshold logic circuit design of fast moving object detection. IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) Systems, 23(10), 2337–2341, (Impact Factor=2.360, SJR Q2).
  • (2012). Nearest neighbor classifier based on nearest feature decisions. The Computer Journal, 55(9), 1072–1087, Oxford Press.
  • (2012). Ranked selection of nearest discriminating features. Human-Centric Computing and Information Sciences, 2(1), 12, (Impact Factor=3.7, SJR Q1).
  • (2011). Improving feature selection algorithms using normalised feature histograms. Electronics letters, 47(8), 490–491, (Impact Factor=1.316, SJR Q2).
  • (2010). Cognitive memory network. Electronics Letters, 46(10), 677–678, (Impact Factor=1.316, SJR Q2). 
  • (2010). Inter-image outliers and their application to image classification. Pattern recognition, 43(12), 4101–4112, (Impact Factor=7.196, SJR Q1).
  • (2008). Face recognition using local binary decisions. IEEE Signal Processing Letters, 15, 821–824, (Impact Factor=4.18, SJR Q1).

Recent Collaborators

  • Leon Chua (University of California Berkeley)
  • Kaushik Roy (Purdue University)
  • Khaled Salama (KAUST)
  • Belur Dasarathy (Information Fusion Consultant)
  • Bhaskar Choubay (Siegen University/Oxford University)

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